Biological anthropology

Vaccine Magic Explained: Even When it’s the Wrong Strain, it Still Kinda Works by “Vaccine Magic”

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Human beings also have a system for transportation of gases. Today this synthetic antibacterial agent can be found in everything from cosmetics to socks. Yours for better health and medical freedom, Robert J. Licorice is one of my favorite herbs for my diabetic patients because of its amazing effect on exhausted adrenal glands. Select your starting posture based on comfort and whether or not you can hold it for a few minutes at a time. While possible, it is highly improbable that the majority will give machine instructions to kill themselves.

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Human Respiratory System and it’s Mechanism (with diagram)

It is the lowermost layer of the thallus. This layer is composed of compactly arranged hyphae, which may arrange perpendicular or parallel to the surface of the thallus.

The internal structure of Usnea, a fruticose lichen, shows different types of orientation. In some foliose lichen e. On the lower cortex of some foliose lichen e. Sometimes the pits that formed without any definite border are called Pseudocyphellae. Both the structures help in aeration. They contain fungal hyphae of the same type as the mother thallus, but the algal elements are always different.

They probably help in retaining the moisture. In Neproma, the Cephalodia are endotrophic. The older region of the basal part of the thallus dies, causing separation of some lobes or branches and each one grows normally into new thallus. These are small grayish white, bud-like outgrowths developed on the upper cortex of the thallus Fig. They are detached from the thallus by rain or wind and on germination they develop new thalli.

When soredia develop in an organised manner in a special pustule-like region, they are called Soralia Fig. These are small stalked simple or branched, grayish- black, coral-like outgrowths, developed on the upper surface of the thallus Fig. They are of various shapes and may be coral-like in Peltigera, rod-like in Parmelia, cigar-like in Usnea, scale-like in Collema etc.

It is generally constricted at the base and detached very easily from the parent thallus. In addition to asexual reproduction, the isidia also take part in increasing the photo- synthetic area of the thallus.

They usually behave as gametes, but in certain condition they germinate and develop fungal hyphae. These fungal hyphae, when in contact with the appropriate algal partner, develop into a new lichen thallus.

Only fungal partner of the lichen reproduces sexually and forms fruit bodies on the thallus. The carpogonium is multicellular and is differentiated into basal coiled ascogonium and upper elongated multicellular trichogyne Fig. The ascogonium remains embedded in the algal zone, but the trichogyne projects out beyond the upper cortex. The spermogonium is flask-shaped and develop spermatia from the inner layer Fig. The spermatia behave as male gametes. Many ascogenous hyphae develop from the basal region of the fertilised ascogonium.

The binucleate penultimate cell of the ascogenous hyphae develops into an ascus. Both the nuclei of penultimate cell fuse and form diploid nucleus 2n , which undergoes first meiotic and then mitotic division — results in eight haploid daughter nuclei. Each haploid nucleus with some cytoplasm metamorphoses into an ascospore. The asci remain intermingled with some sterile hyphae — the paraphyses. With further development, asci and paraphyses become surrounded by vegetative mycelium and form fruit body.

The fruit body may be ascohymenial type i. Internally, the cup-like Fig. The region below the cup is differentiated like the vegetative thallus into outer cortex, algal zone and central medulla Fig. Usually the asci contain eight ascospores Fig. After liberating from the ascus, the ascospore germinates in suitable medium and produces new hypha. The fungal member belongs to Thelephoraceae along with blue green alga, as algal partner forms the thalloid plant body.

The thallus grown over soil produces hypothallus without rhizines, but on tree trunk it grows like bracket fungi Fig. The lichens are useful as well as harmful to mankind. The useful activities are much more than harmful ones. They are useful to mankind in various ways: Lichens are used as food by human being in many parts of the world and also by different animals like snail, catterpiliars, slugs, termites etc.

They contain polysaccharide, lichenin; cellulose, vitamin and certain enzymes. Others like species of Umbillicaria, Parmelia and Leanora are used as food in different parts of the world. Lichens like Lecanora saxicola and Aspicilia calcarea etc. Animals of Tundra region, especially reindeer and muskox use Cladonia rangifera reindeer moss as their common food.

Dried lichens are fed to horses and other animals. Lichens are medicinally important due to the presence of lichenin and some bitter or astringent substances. As Doshi states, every year, hundreds of thousands of respiratory samples are taken from flu patients in the US and tested in labs. Here is the kicker: The basic flu symptoms - cough, fever, chills, sore throat, muscle aches, weakness - can be caused by a variety of factors that have nothing to do with a flu virus.

On the same day that 17 children were murdered in a Florida high school, almost Americans were killed by FDA-approved prescription medications. GlobalHealingCenter The best time to start meditating is now. Meditation can help quiet the mind, focus your thoughts, and promote general well-being. Best of all, anyone with a few free minutes can start meditating today. Follow the 10 easy steps below, and you will become a meditation expert in no time! How to Meditate for Beginners 1. Find your motivation to start.

Pick a peaceful, quiet place. Choose relaxing clothes and a comfortable pose. To start, set a timer for two minutes. Concentrate on your breathing.

If your concentration is interrupted, refocus on your breathing. Do a body scan by focusing on different areas of your body. End your meditation with a positive ritual. Remember not to overthink it. Just enjoy the journey. Make it a habit. While there are countless meditation techniques and practices, the steps below offer a simple way to begin. Remember, while meditating, there is always room for improvement and a chance to learn something new. Try to enjoy the journey as you hone your meditation skills.

Meditation starts with you. No matter your age or physical condition, meditation is always within reach. What is required on your part is the decision to begin. If you need some motivation, then try thinking about the reasons why you want to try it in the first place. Meditation can relieve stress and anxiety , promote physical and mental well being, and even be a spiritual experience. Find a quiet moment to write down what you are hoping to get out of it and go back and read it anytime you need some motivation to meditate.

Pick Your Location Wisely. Your environment is critical to cultivating the right experience. Try to find a peaceful, quiet space that helps you feel relaxed. When the optimal location is not available, remember, your car or even work desk can serve as your very own meditation retreat.

The most important thing, especially when first starting out, is finding a location where you have the freedom to meditate for at least two minutes without interruption. Get Comfortable With It.

Before you can completely clear your mind, you will need to limit as many distractions as possible. Even small irritations will become distracting once you begin to meditate. Scan the area before you start and consider the type of pose you will be in, the clothes you are wearing, and your surroundings in general.

Turn off your cell phone and anything else that might be disruptive. Meditation works in nearly any position. Sitting, standing, and laying down are three basic poses that are great for first-time meditators. Select your starting posture based on comfort and whether or not you can hold it for a few minutes at a time.

For most people, a good starting position is sitting cross-legged, hands resting on the legs, and eyes closed. Any clothing can work for meditation, but again, comfort is key. Many people enjoy light, loose-fitting clothes when they meditate, but you can wear anything you find relaxing. Meditation can involve long periods of sitting, especially as you progress. Choose a comfy blanket or pillow or a sturdy, well cushioned chair to maximize comfort for extended meditation sessions. Many other factors such as sounds and smells can help set the stage for a positive meditation session.

Some prefer adding aromas in the forms of incense, essential oils , or scented candles, while others like to avoid sensory distractions altogether. Whatever you choose, just make sure the air you are breathing is fresh and clear of any toxins or pollutants.

Natural sounds like wild animals or a babbling brook can also enhance or distract depending on the individual. Try a variety of settings to find out which works best for you. Meditation does not need to be a long process unless you want it to be. If you are just starting out, then begin with small increments of time. Setting a timer is very helpful for beginners because it can help keep your focus on breathing and not on the clock. To start, set the timer for two minutes, and do your best to stay focused and in the moment.

As your confidence builds, try extending the timer by 30 seconds every session until you are meditating for five minutes or longer. Focus on Your Breathing. One of the best ways to begin the practice of meditation is to focus on your breathing.

Choose your pose and follow your breath as it flows from your nose into your lungs and out again as you exhale. Concentrating on your breathing will help your mind focus as it adjusts to the silence. Even seasoned meditators pay close attention to their breathing as a way to be more mindful. Return When You Wander. Most meditation practices aim to clear the brain of all thoughts and be more mindful. However, it is natural and even inevitable that your mind will wander or fixate on rotating feelings and physical sensations.

Getting lost in these distractions is entirely normal, but not the goal of meditation. When this happens to you, recognize that your mind has wandered and try to refocus on your breathing.

Towards the end of each meditation session, take the time to do a body scan. During this scan, focus on different areas of your body. Ask yourself how you feel, and pay close attention to any part that may need healing. Shift your focus from your breathing and gradually move your attention from your toes up through your feet and legs.

Eventually, you will reach every area of your body. Similar to your breathing, return focus when your mind wanders. End Your Session on a Positive Note. Carry your mindfulness through to the end of your session. Slowly get up and take note of how you feel. Breathe in deeply and gently adjust your body and mind. Creating a personal ritual to end each session may be helpful. Ending rituals could include reciting a personal mantra or finishing with a light exercise or walk.

Meditation Literally Rebuilds Your Brain 9. It may take a while for you to become proficient, and that is ok. Just keep at it, have fun, and enjoy the journey. Meditation can help support a healthy body and mind. It promotes healthy blood pressure, a happy mood, and strengthens coping skills. However, to start seeing the benefits you will need to meditate regularly and make it a habit.

Try picking a time and place every day where you can dedicate two to five minutes to meditate. As you continue with your meditation journey, you may benefit from additional help and advice along the way. As meditation has gone mainstream, meditation aids of all kinds are more available.

Guided meditation is an excellent option for many beginners. Many audio and video guides are inexpensive or even free online. Depending on where you live, local guided meditation classes may also be available. During these guided meditation classes, instructors will walk you through what to do and how to do it. In-person classes can also provide additional support from like-minded meditators.

Thanks to modern technologies, there is a constant stream of new resources to help you meditate better. Many phone apps can help you start or perfect the practice of meditation.

With new apps coming out daily, you will have many options to choose. Apps are especially beneficial for first-time meditators looking to track their progress. Have you tried meditation? Leave a comment below and let us know what helps you meditate and how it improves your physical and mental health.

The research is available. The stories are plentiful. And the damage has already been done in so many parts of the world. The lawsuits are over the agencies failing to comply with Freedom of Information Act requirements. President Trump lasts Crooked Deep State: Deep State Mind Map. The House of Rothschild 50 years after the Bank of England opened it's doors, Amschel Moses Bauer, an 18th century German Jewish moneychanger and trader in silk cloth in the ghetto called "Judengasse" or Jew Alley in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, opened a coin shop a counting house in When his son 'Amschel Mayer Bauer' inherited the business, he decided to change his name to 'Rothschild'.

He soon learned that loaning money to governments and kings was more profitable than loaning to private individuals. Not only were the loans bigger, but they were secured by the nations taxes. Mayer Rothschild had 5 sons. He trained them all in the skills of money creation, then sent them out to the major capitals of Europe, to open branch offices of the family banking business. His first son Amschel Mayer stayed in Frankfurt to mind the hometown bank.

His second son Saloman Mayer, was sent to Vienna. His third son Nathan, the most clever, was sent to London. His fourth son Carl, was sent to Naples. His fifth son Jakob, was sent to Paris. In , Mayer Amschel moved his entire family to a larger house, a five story dwelling he shared with the 'Schiff' who later changed their name to Bush family.

This house was known as the 'Green Shield'. The Rothschilds and the Schiffs would play a central role in the rest of European history and in that of the United States. Rothschild owns the Bank of England and the London gold bullion exchange where Rothschild sets the daily international market price for gold. Rothschild owns the gold and diamond mines of South Africa and major extractive industries such as Rio Tinto and British Petroleum.

Rothschild financed England and France in the Napoleonic wars. Rothschild knew who won the Battle of Waterloo a day before the King of England and British investors. Rothschild caused a selling panic in the London bond "consul" market intimating to investors that England lost to Napoleon.

Bonds issued by the Bank of England to finance the war crashed and sold for pennies on the dollar. Rothschild sold to drive the price down and then bought all the bonds back at rock bottom prices.

The next day when word of England's victory over Napoleon hit the market, bond prices soared. Rothschild made 40 times his investment in one day on insider knowledge. Rothschild also made 30 percent interest on the gold he loaned to the kings to fight each other. The king issued bonds as a debt obligation to Rothschild to be paid by future taxes on British citizens. The ensuing debt was so much that Rothschild was able to take over ownership of the Bank of England, which subsequently financed the mercenary German Hessians to fight the American revolutionaries in colonial America because Washington issued its own money called greenbacks.

It wasn't about tea. Rothschild of course owns all of the major European central banks: Rothschild partnered with the original seven American families who became the regional depository banks in the US Federal Reserve. The Bush family and J. Morgan are the political and financial dynasties evolved from their original ownership of the Federal Reserve.

Political propaganda confuses American citizens into thinking the U. Morgan and five other banking family institutions own the Federal Reserve in partnership with Rothschild.

Rothschild owns or virtually controls every major media outlet in America, Europe and Israel. Read more about the Rothschild empire here. The Rothschild coat of arms contains a clenched fist with five arrows symbolizing the five dynasties established by the five sons of Mayer Rothschild, in a reference to Psalm Note the presence of the red shield.

Also present is the Roman eagle top. The ship is a reference to Admiralty law The five arrows remain an enduring symbol of the Rothschild name. We have already noted the similar key components that appear in both the Rothschild coat of arms and the coat of arms of the RBNZ: The presence of the red shield, the Roman eagle and the reference to Admiralty law These are all carried across into the logo of the RBNZ, although being black and white, the shield is not red.

Flashings of red are still present in the weird line device on the left however Rght: Would you like to play: You might not be able to see it at this resolution, but the red shield of the Rothschilds is on the wall in the reception of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand. For further information on the banking system, see Feature Articles. However, before you jump to the timeline, please read this invaluable introduction which will tell you who the Rothschilds are as oppose to who they claim to be.

They are from a country called Khazaria, which occupied the land locked between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which is now predominantly occupied by Georgia. The reason the Rothschilds claim to be Jewish is that the Khazars under the instruction of the King, converted to the Jewish faith in A.

These people knowingly lie to the world with their claims that the land of Israel is theirs by birthright, when in actual fact their real homeland is over miles away in Georgia. So, next time you hear an Israeli Prime Minister bleating about the so-called persecution of the Jews, consider this, every Prime Minister of Israel has been an Ashkenazi Jew. Therefore when all these Prime Ministers have curried favour with the West for their re-establishment of a Jewish homeland, they have knowingly and deliberately lied to you, as they were never from that region, and they well know it, because it is they who call themselves Ashkenazi Jews.

As you will see in the timeline, the Rothschilds have obtained this position through lies, manipulation and murder. Their bloodline also extends into the Royal Families of Europe, and the following family names: However, these are not the only bloodlines to worry about.

You are probably aware of the centuries old pratice undertaken by many Ashkenazi Jews whereby they would change their name, in order for them to appear part of the dominant race of the country in which they lived, so as they could obtain influential positions in that country, which they would then exploit to serve their real masters elsewhere. There is plenty of evidence to prove the Rothschilds continue that deceptive tradition.

Furthermore the Rothschilds are known to sire many children secretly that they can put into positions of power when required. This started with the very first man who took the name Rothschild, who had a secret sixth son. Finally, remember the world is a diverse place, I could if I wanted change my name to Rothschild, or any of the names listed above, and that would not make me part of this family anymore than converting to Judaism in A. Please, therefore, do not automatically assume someone you see with the name Rothschild or any of the names listed above are part of the Rothschild criminal network.

Furthermore and most importantly, the majority of Ashkenazi Jews are innocent and not part of this network. Check the facts out for yourself first, this article is designed to inform people who the enemy is, not single out people of a particular race or people with a particular surname, who may have nothing to do with this Rothschild criminal network. Mayer Amschel Rothschild Moses Amschel Bauer places a red sign above the entrance door to his counting house.

This sign is a red hexagram which geometrically and numerically translates into the number which under Rothschild instruction will end up on the Israeli flag some two centuries later. He is highly successful and becomes a junior partner. Whilst working at the bank he becomes acquainted with General von Estorff. As he plans, Rothschild is subsequently introduced to Prince William himself who is more than pleased with discounted prices he charges for his rare coins and trinkets, and Rothschild offers him a bonus for any other business the Prince can direct his way.

Rothschild subsequently becomes close associates with Prince William, and ends up doing business with him and members of the court. Rothschild, by appointment court factor to his serene highness, Prince William of Hanau. Mayer Amschel Rothschild draws up plans for the creation of the Illuminati and entrusts Ashkenazi Jew, Adam Weishaupt, a Crypto-Jew who was outwardly Roman Catholic, with its organization and development. The Illuminati is to be based upon the teachings of the Talmud, which is in turn, the teachings of Rabbinical Jews.

It was to be called the Illuminati as this is a Luciferian term which means, keepers of the light. Mayer Amschel Rothschild marries Gutle Schnaper. He like all his brothers who follow him, will enter the family business at the age of Salomon Mayer Rothschild born.

Adam Weishaupt officially completes his organisation of the Illuminati on May 1 of this year. The purpose of the Illuminati is to divide the goyim all non-Jews through political, economic, social, and religious means. The opposing sides were to be armed and incidents were to be provided in order for them to: Weishaupt soon infiltrates the Continental Order of Freemasons with this Illuminati doctrine and establishes lodges of the Grand Orient to be their secret headquarters.

This was all under the orders and finance of Mayer Amschel Rothschild and the concept has spread and is followed within Masonic Lodges worldwide to the present day. Weishaupt also recruits 2, paid followers including the most intelligent men in the field of arts and letters, education, science, finance,and industry. They were instructed to follow the following methods in order to control people. He used monetary and sex bribery to obtain control of men already in high places, in the various levels of all governments and other fields of endeavour.

Once influential persons had fallen for the lies, deceits, and temptations of the Illuminati they were to be held in bondage by application of political and other forms of blackmail, threats of financial ruin, public exposure, and fiscal harm, even death to themselves and loved members of their families. The faculties of colleges and universities were to cultivate students possessing exceptional mental ability belonging to well-bred families with international leanings, and recommend them for special training in internationalism, or rather the notion that only a one-world government can put an end to recurring wars and strife.

Such training was to be provided by granting scholarships to those selected by the Illuminati. All influential people trapped into coming under the control of the Illuminati, plus the students who had been specially educated and trained, were to be used as agents and placed behind the scenes of all governments as experts and specialists.

This was so they would advise the top executives to adopt policies which would in the long-run serve the secret plans of the Illuminati one-world conspiracy and bring about the destruction of the governments and religions they were elected or appointed to serve. Nathan Mayer Rothschild born. Adam Weishaupt issues his order for the French Revolution to be started by by Maximilien Robespierre in book form. However en route there, the courier is struck by lightning, the book detailing this plan discovered by the police, and handed over to the Bavarian authorities.

Clearly, the Bavarian authorities were convinced that the book that was discovered was a very real threat by a private group of influential people, to use wars and revolutions to achieve their political ends. Mayer Amschel Rothschild moves his family home to a five storey house in Frankfurt which he shares with the Schiff family. Kalmann Carl Mayer Rothschild Born. Jacob James Mayer Rothschild born. Amschel Mayer Rothschild marries Eva Hanau. However, although he pretended to go along with it, Professor Robison did not agree with it and therefore published his aforementioned book.

That same year on July 19th, David Pappen, President of Harvard University, lectured the graduating class on the influence illuminism was having on American politics and religion. At the age of 21, Nathan Mayer Rothschild leaves Frankfurt for England, where with a large sum of money given to him by his father, he sets up a banking house in London. Salomon Mayer Rothschild marries Caroline Stern.

Sir Francis Baring and Abraham Goldsmid die. This leaves Nathan Mayer Rothschild as the remaining major banker in England. The charter for the Rothschilds Bank of the United States runs out and Congress votes against its renewal.

Bring them back to colonial status. The Rothschilds plan was to cause the United States to build up such a debt in fighting this war that they would have to surrender to the Rothschilds and allow the charter for the Rothschild owned First Bank of the United States to be renewed.

Mayer Amschel Rothschild dies. In his will he lays out specific laws that the House of Rothschild were to follow: The facts are somewhat less romantic, and more businesslike. The encyclopaedia goes on to state: The Rothschilds love wars because they are massive generators of risk free debt.

Napoleon Whilst the Rothschilds are funding both sides in this war, they use the banks they have spread out across Europe to give them the opportunity to set up an unrivalled postal service network of secret routes and fast couriers. The post these couriers carried was to be opened up by these couriers and their details given to the Rothschilds so they always were one step ahead of current events. Furthermore, these Rothschild couriers were the only merchants allowed to pass through the English and French blockades.

It was these couriers who also kept Nathan Mayer Rothschild up to date with how the war was going so he could use that intelligence to buy and sell from his position on the stock exchange in accordance with that intelligence.

At that time British bonds were called consuls and they were traded on the floor of the stock exchange. Nathan Mayer Rothschild instructed all his workers on the floor to start selling consuls. This made all the other traders believe that the British had lost the war so they started selling frantically.

Therefore the consuls plummeted in value which was when Nathan Mayer Rothschild discreetly instructed his workers to purchase all the consuls they could lay their hands on. When news came through that the British had actually won the war, the consuls went up to a level even higher than before the war ended leaving Nathan Mayer Rothschild with a return of approximately 20 to 1 on his investment.

The Rothschild family claimed the story was untrue and libellous, but the court denied the Rothschilds request and ordered the family to pay all court costs. Back to , this is the year Nathan Mayer Rothschild makes his famous statement: The Rothschilds also use their control of the Bank of England to replace the method of shipping gold from country to country and instead used their five banks spread across Europe to set up a system of paper debits and credits, the banking system of today.

However something that did not go well for the Rothschilds this year was the Congress of Vienna, which started in September, and concluded in June of this year. The Congress of Vienna The reason for this Congress of Vienna, was for the Rothschilds to create a form of world government , to give them complete political control over much of the civilized world.

Many of the European governments were in debt to the Rothschilds, so they figured they could use that as a bargaining tool. However the Tsar Alexander I of Russia, who had not succumbed to a Rothschild central bank, would not go along with the plan, so the Rothschild world government plan failed. Unfortunately he was true to his word and years later Rothschild funded Bolsheviks would act upon that promise. Interestingly, world government fanatic and Ashkenazi Jew, Henry Kissinger , did his doctoral dissertation on the Congress of Vienna.

The American Congress passes a bill permitting yet another Rothschild dominated central bank, which gives the Rothschilds control of the American money supply again.

This is called the Second Bank of the United States and is given a twenty year charter. The British war against the America therefore ends with the deaths of thousands of British and American soldiers, but the Rothschilds get their bank.

Following the French securing massive loans in in order to help rebuild after their disastrous defeat at Waterloo, Rothschild agents bought vast amounts of French government bonds causing their value to increase. On November 5th they dumped the lot on the open market causing their value to plummet and France to go into a financial panic.

The Rothschilds then stepped in to take control of the French money supply. The emperor of Austria made the five Rothschild brothers Barons. Nathan Mayer Rothschild chose not to take up the title. The Rothschilds take over the financial operations of the Catholic Church, worldwide. Sir Walter Scott publishes his nine volume set, The life of Napolean and in volume two he states that the French Revolution was planned by the Illuminati Adam Weishaupt and was financed by the money changers of Europe The Rothschilds.

The Italian revolutionary leader, Guiseppe Mazzini, is selected by the Illuminati to direct their revolutionary program throughout the world and would serve in that capacity until he died in President Jackson would later claim that he knew the Rothschilds were responsible for that attempted assassination. President Jackson President 7 He is not the only one, the assassin, Richard Lawrence, who was found not guilty by reason of insanity, later bragged that powerful people in Europe had hired him and promised to protect him if he were caught.

The Rothschilds acquire the rights in the Almadén quicksilver mines in Spain. This was at the time the biggest concession in the world and as quicksilver was a vital component in the refining of gold or silver this gave the Rothschilds a virtual world monopoly. It would not be until that the Rothschilds would be able to set up their third central bank in America, the Federal Reserve, and to ensure no mistakes are made, this time they will put one of their own bloodline, Jacob Schiff, in charge of the project.

Nathan Mayer Rothschild dies and the control of his bank, N. They set up agencies in California and Australia. He goes on to receive hundreds of letters threatening him with assassination. He literally held the revenues of Southern Italy in pawn, and Monarchs and Ministers of all countries courted his advice and were guided by his suggestions. Before his death he is asked what he regarded his as greatest achievement.

He replies without hesitation; "I Killed The Bank. Lionel De Rothschild now married to the daughter of his uncle, Kalmann Carl Mayer Rothschild, is elected to the parliamentary seat for the City of London. Lionel de Rothschild A requirement for entering parliament was to take an oath in the true faith of a Christian.

Lionel De Rothschild refused to do this as he was Jewish and his seat in parliament remained empty for 11 years until new oaths were allowed. He must have been an invaluable representative for his constituency, bearing in mind he could never vote on any bill as he never entered parliament!

I wonder how he managed to keep his parliamentary seat for 11 years? The idea was that those who direct the overall conspiracy could use the differences in those two so-called ideologies to enable them to divide larger and larger factions of the human race into opposing camps so that they could be armed and then brainwashed into fighting and destroying each other, and particularly, to destroy all political and religious institutions.

The same plan put forward by Weishaupt in Before her death she would nonchalantly state, "If my sons did not want wars, there would be none. Construction begins this decade on the manor houses of Mentmore in England and Ferrières in France, more Rothschilds Manors will follow throughout the world, all of them filled with works of art.

Mentmore Towers Château de Ferrières Jacob James Rothschild in France is said to be worth million francs, which at the time was million francs more than all the other bankers in France put together.

Château Mouton Rothschild Amschel Mayer Rothschild dies. Salomon Mayer Rothschild dies left. Kalmann Carl Mayer Rothschild dies right. Lionel De Rothschild finally takes his seat in parliament when the requirement to take an oath in the true faith of a Christian is broadened to include other oaths. He becomes the first Jewish member of the British parliament. President Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States from till his assassination in approaches the big banks in New York to try to obtain loans to support the ongoing American civil war.

President Abraham Lincoln President 16 Lincoln is very angry about this high level of interest and so he prints his own debt free money and informs the public that this is now legal tender for both public and private debts. He states of this, That same year The Times of London publishes a story containing the following statement; "We gave the people of this republic the greatest blessing they ever had, their own paper money to pay their own debts.

President Abraham Lincoln discovers the Tsar of Russia, Alexander II — , was having problems with the Rothschilds as well as he was refusing their continual attempts to set up a central bank in Russia.

The Tsar then gives President Lincoln some unexpected help. The Rothschild banking house in Naples, Italy, C. The Rothschilds use one of their own in America, John D. Rockefeller, to form an oil business called Standard Oil which eventually takes over all of its competition.

In a statement to Congress, President Abraham Lincoln states; "I have two great enemies, the Southern Army in front of me, and the financial institutions in the rear.

Of the two, the one in my rear is my greatest foe. Jacob Schiff Following a brief training period in the Rothschilds London Bank, Jacob Schiff, a Rothschild, born in their house in Frankfurt, arrives in America at the age of 18, with instructions and the finance necessary to buy into a banking house there.

The purpose of this was to carry out the following tasks. Jacob James Mayer Rothschild dies, shortly after purchasing Château Lafite, one of the four great premier grand cru estates of France.

Nathaniel de Rothschild dies. An American General named, Albert Pike, who had been enticed into the Illuminati by Guissepe Mazzini, completes his military blueprint for three world wars and various revolutions throughout the world, culminating into moving this great conspiracy into its final stage. Albert Pike The first world war is to be fought for the purpose of destroying the Tsar in Russia,as promised by Nathan Mayer Rothschild in The Tsar is to be replaced with communism which is to be used to attack religions, predominantly Christianity.

The differences between the British and German empires are to be used to forment this war. The second world war is to be used to forment the controversy between facism and political zionism with the slaughter of Jews in Germany a lynchpin in bringing hatred against the German people.

This is designed to destroy fascism which the Rothschilds created and increase the power of political zionism. This war is also designed to increase the power of communism to the level that it equalled that of united Christendom. The midgut portion of this tube, from the second portion of the duodenum to the mid-transverse colon, lengthens and migrates out into an extension of the abdomen, which lies at the base of the umbilical cord.

Here this loop of bowel undergoes a degree counterclockwise twist at its neck. In the center of the twisted loop lie the blood vessels that will become the superior mesenteric artery and vein.

After rotation, the small intestine quite rapidly withdraws into the abdominal cavity, with the duodenum and the proximal jejunum going first. During this process the duodenojejunal junction goes beneath and to the left of the base of the superior mesenteric vessels.

This leaves the upper intestine, including the stomach and the duodenum, encircling the superior mesenteric vessels like a horseshoe with its opening on the left side of the embryo. The small intestine then follows into the abdomen, and withdrawal of the right half of the colon takes place so that it lies to the left.

At the next step, the cecum and the right colon begin to travel across the top of the superior mesenteric vessels and then down to the right lower quadrant. The colon now lies draped across the top of the superior mesenteric vessels, again like a horseshoe, with its opening placed inferiorly. The duodenojejunal loop is said to attach to the posterior abdominal wall soon after its turn, whereas the mesenteric attachments of the entire colon and of the remaining small bowel gradually adhere after they arrive in their normal positions.

In malrotation the right colon can create peritoneal attachments that include and obstruct the third portion of the duodenum Ladd's bands.

The diagnostic hallmarks are: A UGIS is more reliable than barium enema, most patients present in first month of life neonatal , but may present at any time. The treatment is immediate operation; volvulus often means strangulation. Needs fluid and electrolyte replacement.

Ladd's procedure consist of: In cases of questionable non-viable bowel a second look procedure is required. Meconium ileus is a neonatal intraluminal intestinal obstruction caused by inspissated meconium blocking the distal ileum. The meconium has a reduced water, abnormal high protein and mucoproteint content, the result of decreased pancreatic enzyme activity and prolonged small bowel intestinal transit time.

Meconium Ileus is classified into two types: The distal small bowel cm of distal ileum is relatively small, measuring less than 2 cm in diameter and contains concretions of gray, inspissated meconium with the consistency of thick glue or putty.

It is often beaklike in appearance, conforming to the shape of the contained pellets. Proximally, the mid-ileum is large, measuring up to 7 cm in diameter. It is greatly distended by a mass of extremely thick, tenacious, dark green or tarry meconium. The unused small colon microcolon contains a small amount of inspissated mucus or grayish meconium.

A cystic mass or atresia of the bowel may occur. The degree of obstruction varies, may be cured in mild cases by rectal irrigations.

Failure to pass meconium, abdominal distension and vomiting are seen in more severe cases. The diagnosis is suspected with findings of: Some cases may show calcifications in the peritoneum Meconium peritonitis.

This test is not useful in infant during first weeks of life. It consist of a careful gastrograffin enema after the baby is well-hydrated. Gastrograffin is a hyperosmolar aqueous solution of meglumine diatrizoate containing 0. Long-term prognosis depends on the degree of severity and progression of cystic fibrosis pulmonary disease. Total colonic aganglionosis TCA is found in approx. There are three critical phases for patients with TCA The first period comprises the time from birth until correct diagnosis.

Patients with TCA present with a large variety of symptoms. Several authors have outlined the diagnostic problems in patients with TCA 2,4, Atypical symptoms may lead to excessively delayed diagnosis. Patients present with either ileus or symptoms as in typical Hirschsprung's disease but additionally with recurrent vomiting.

In patients presenting with ileus, diagnosis may be delayed for several weeks because causative factors like volvulus or meconium ileus do not primarily warrant investigations for aganglionosis. Furthermore, TCA may be associated with other anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract. Only a few reports of TCA associated with small bowel atresia and volvulus can be found 3, 7.

In cases of midgut volvulus without malrotation, aganglionosis has to be ruled out. Neonatal appendicitis, a very rare disease, may be the leading symptom of TCA. Therefore, rectal biopsies are mandatory in those cases. Additional to the diagnostic problems due to atypical and heterogenic symptoms, histochemical examination of rectal biopsies may prove negative or equivocal because increased acetylcholinesterase activity may not be present in TCA 5,10, Furthermore, there is no typical radiographic pattern 13, Plain abdominal radiographs usually suggests low bowel obstruction whereas barium enema usually does not show pathognomonic features.

If no mechanical obstruction is found at laparotomy in neonates presenting with ileus, it is suggested to resect the appendix to rule out TCA. If rectal mucosal biopsies are negative or equivocal, biopsies should be repeated or a formal sphincterectomy for thorough analysis is done.

The second period lasts from the raising of stoma to its closure, including the definite surgical procedure. Failure to thrive and excessive fluid losses have been reported in patients with ileostomies 2. Post-ileostomy complications, however, have been eliminated after the importance of oral sodium supplementation to maintain the enteral co-transport system has been realized Interestingly, right transversostomies may show a good function even in cases of TCA.

Therefore, frozen section biopsies are mandatory when raising a stoma. The definitive surgical procedure has been debated 2,5,8,9, Colonic patch graft procedures were the first proposals for surgical management of TCA The rational behind were to use the distinctive resorptive function of part of the aganglionic colon 6.

Use of the right colon has the theoretical advantage of improved water resorption. However the colon patch procedures have significant complications, e. Actually, a modified Duhamel's pull-through procedure seems favorable in the treatment of TCA 2, The third critical phase begins with closure of the stoma. Complications in this period are predominantly recurrent episodes of sub-ileus and diarrhea or nocturnal incontinence. The cause for sub-ileus is a raised tone in the residual sphincter.

Repeated manual anal dilatations may be mandatory. Side effects of large doses of Loperamide are mental irritability and dyskinesia.

Significantly better survival of the patients with TCA nowadays is mainly attributed to more accurate diagnosis and improved management of infants with ileostomies. A new approach to total aganglionosis of the colon. Surg Gynecol Obstet Cass DT, Myers N: Pediatr Surg Int 2: Total colonic aganglionosis with or without ileal involvement: A review of 27 cases.

J Pediatr Surg Festen C, Severijner R, v. The absorptive function of colonic aganglionoic intestine: Are the Duhamel and Martin procedures rational? Ikeada K, Goto S: Total colonic aganglionosis with or without small bowel involvement: An analysis of patients. A new surgical approach to extensive aganglionosis.

Further experience with the colonic patch graft procedure and long-term results. Suction biopsy in Hirschsprung's disease. Arch Dis Child A possible cause of anastomotic failure following repair of intestinal atresia. Can J Surg Surgical management of Hirschsprung's disease involving the small intestine.

Improvements in the management of total colonic aganglionosis. Pediatr Surg Int 5: The importance of oral sodium replacement in ileostomy patients. Progr Pediatr Surg Diagnosis of congenital megacolon: J Pediatr Surg 7: Imperforate anus IA is a congenital anomaly in which the natural anal opening is absent. Diagnosis of IA is usually made shortly after birth on routine physical examination. The incidence of IA is approximately 1 in live births and it is more common in males.

Its etiology is unknown and it runs equally through all racial, cultural and socio-economic groups. IA is classified as either "high" or "low" depending on the termination of the distal rectum. When the rectum ends above the levator muscles the malformations are classified as high, and when the rectum ends below the levator muscles the malformations are classified as low.

High lesions are more frequent in males, low ones in females. Determination of the level of the lesion by abdominal x-ray or perineal ultrasound is critical for appropriate management. Children who have IA may also have other congenital anomalies. Vertebral defects, Anal atresia, Cardiac anomalies, Tracheoesophageal fistula, Esophageal atresia, Renal anomalies, and Limb anomalies. Repair of low IA is relatively simple and is usually treated with perineal anoplasty; however, repair of high IA is more complex.

Patients are initially given a temporary colostomy and time is given to allow the child to grow. A pull-through operation is completed at a later date. Independent of the level of the lesion, the goal of the surgery is the creation of adequate nerve and muscle structures around the rectum and anus to provide the child with the capacity for bowel control. Male patients will benefit from perineal inspection to check for the presence of a fistula wait hours of life before deciding.

During this time start antibiotherapy, decompress the GI tract, do a urinalysis to check for meconium cells, and an ultrasound of abdomen to identify urological associated anomalies. Perineal signs in low malformations that will NOT need a colostomy are: These infants can be managed with a perineal anoplasty during the neonatal period with an excellent prognosis. Meconium in urine shows the pt has a fistula between the rectum and the urinary tract. Flat "bottom" or perineum lack of intergluteal fold , and absence of anal dimple indicates poor muscles and a rather high malformation needing a colostomy.

Patients with no clinical signs at 24 hours of birth will need a invertogram or cross-table lateral film in prone position to decide rectal pouch position. Those cases with high defect are initially managed with a totally diverting colostomy.

Diverting the fecal stream reduces the chances of genito-urinary tract contamination and future damage. These infants require a colostomy before final corrective surgery. The colostomy can be done electively before discharge from the nursery while the GI tract is decompressed by dilatation of the fistulous tract.

A single orifice is diagnostic of a persistent cloacal defect usually accompany with a small-looking genitalia. Cloacas are associated to distended vaginas hydrocolpos and urologic malformations.

This makes a sonogram of abdomen very important in the initial management of these babies for screening of obstructive uropathy hydronephrosis and hydroureter. Hydrocolpos can cause compressive obstruction of the bladder trigone and interfere with ureteral drainage. Failure to gain weight and frequents episodes of urinary tract infections shows a poorly drained urologic system.

A colostomy in cloacas is indicated. Radiological evaluation will be of help along with a diverting colostomy in this cases. Perineal fistulas can be managed with cutback without colostomy during the neonatal period. The most important prognostic characteristic is the severity of the IA. Patients with low IA have a good probability of having normal stool patterns.

Patients with high IA report more problems such as fecal incontinence and constipation. For patients who cannot maintain normal bowel function, the use of a special diet, underpants liners, enemas and drugs have ameliorated their lives. Long-term follow up with both qualitative and quantitative quality of life considerations of these patients is very important. References 1- Chen CJ: The treatment of imperforate anus: J Pediatr Surg 34 Inheritance of familial congenital isolated anorectal malformations: Am J Med Genetics Do children with repaired low anorectal malformations have normal bowel function?

J Pediatr Surg 32 6: Semin Pediatr Surg 4 1: Management of anorectal malformations during the newborn period. World J Surg 17 3: Posterior sagittal approach for the correction of anorectal malformations. Surgical treatment of high imperforate anus. World J Surg 9 2: J Pediatr Surg 17 5: Although intussusception can occur at any age, the greatest incidence occurs in infants between months of age. Over half of the cases are in the first year of life. Frequently occurs after a recent upper respiratory infection, by Adenovirus type 3 that causes a reactive lymphoid hyperplasia that act as lead point of Peyer's patch.

Meckel's diverticulum, polyps, Henoch's Schonlein purpura, hematoma, lymphoma, foreign bodies, and duplications. Most children have no lead point and it is felt that enlarged mesenteric nodes or swollen Peyer's patches may be the cause.

The baby has intermittent periods of severe discomfort with screaming, stiffening and drawing up of the legs, followed by periods of rest. Vomiting may occur and bloody, mucoid currant jelly stool may be passed. The baby may become dehydrated and appear acutely ill. Frequently, lethargy may be an early sign. To be successful, the barium must reflux into the terminal ileum. The surgeon should be notified before an attempt at barium reduction, and should be present at the time of study.

Recently the use of gas enema reduction has been successful in patients with: Ultrasonography can be used as a rapid sensitive screening procedure in the initial diagnosis of intussusception.

Previous adverse clinical features that precluded barium reduction can be replaced during gas reduction. Predictors of failure of reduction are: Air reduction pneumocolon is a very effective alternative method since it brings less radiation shorter flouroscopy time , less costs and less morbidity in cases of perforations. Failure of hydrostatic reduction requires urgent operation through a right lower quadrant horizontal incision.

The intussusception is reduced by pushing on the distal bowel like a tube of toothpaste rather than pulling the proximal bowel. Most cases are ileo-colic intussusception, and a few are jejuno-jejunal or ileo-ileal intussusception. The traditional method of diagnosing and managing ileo-colic intussusception is barium enema contrast reduction.

In China where this is the most common surgical emergency in childhood, pneumatic reduction has been used for more than 25 years. A recent tendency toward this approach is seen in recent years in Occident. Small bowel aeration is a sign of complete reduction. Gas enema reduction is very successful in patients with: The condition can occur in an isolated form either localized to colon or disseminated throughout the bowel , or associated to other diseases such as Hirschsprung's HD , neurofibromatosis, MEN type IIB, and anorectal malformations.

Clinically two different types of isolated IND have been described: Type A shows symptoms of abdominal distension, enterocolitis, bloody stools, intestinal spasticity in imaging studies Ba Enema since birth, is less common and associated with hypoplasia of sympathetic nerves.

Type B is more frequent, symptoms are indistinguishable from that of HD, with chronic constipation, megacolon, and repeated episodes of bowel obstruction.

Management depends on clinical situation; conservative for minor symptoms until neuronal maturation occurs around the 4th year of life, colostomy and resectional therapy for life threatening situations.

The most common congenital diaphragmatic hernia CDH is that which occurs through the postero-lateral defect of Bochdalek. It is caused by failure of the pleuroperitoneal membrane to develop adequately and close before the intestines returning to the abdomen at the tenth week of gestation.

The intestines then enter the pleural cavity and cause poor lung development leading to pulmonary hypoplasia a reduced number of alveoli per area of lung tissue. This defect is postero-lateral in the diaphragm and may vary in size. Stomach, liver or spleen may be partly in chest as well. The clinical presentation is that the newborn becomes rapidly cyanotic, acidotic, and has poor ventilation. Major findings relate to the degree of pulmonary maldevelopment. Chest films will show intestines in the chest.

Placement of a radiopaque nasogastric tube may show the tube coiled in the lower left chest. Higher risk factors are: Treatment consist of rapid intubation and ventilation with use of muscle relaxants, placement of a nasogastric tube to prevent gaseous distension of the intestines and preoperative stabilization of arterial blood gases and acid-base status.

Surgery can be undertaken when one of the following objectives are met: Operative management consist of abdominal approach, closure of hernia by primary repair or use of mesh, and correction of malrotation. Postoperative management is very difficult. Due to hypoplastic lungs, there is frequently pulmonary hypertension leading to right-to-left shunting and progressive hypoxemia, hypercarbia, and acidosis that worsens the pulmonary hypertension.

The use of chest tubes may cause overstretching of the already hypoplastic alveoli causing: Postoperatively, the infant should be kept paralyzed and ventilated and only very slowly weaned from the ventilator. The severity of pulmonary hypoplasia, both ipsilaterally and contralaterally, is the main determinant of outcome. ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenator has come to reduce somewhat the mortality of this condition. The mortality of CDH is directly related to the degree of lung hypoplasia associated.

Death is caused by persistent pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure. Prospective studies of prenatally diagnosed fetus prior to 25 wk. This unsolved problem has prompted investigators to develop new treatment options such as preoperative stabilization, jet-frequency ventilation, and ECMO. Another area of development is intrauterine fetal surgical repair. To achieve success fetal surgery should: Intrauterine repair has meet with limited success due to herniation of the fetal liver into the chest through the defect.

Disturbance of the umbilical circulation during or after liver reduction causes fetal death. Positive-pressure ventilation after birth reduces the liver before the baby comes for surgical repair. Harrison USFC Fetal Treatment Center has devised separate fetal thoraco-abdominal incisions to deal with this problem "two-step dance" , reducing or amputating the left lateral segment of the liver.

Another less invasive approach is enlarging the hypoplastic lungs by reducing the normal egress of fetal lung fluid with controlled tracheal obstruction called PLUGS Plug Lung Until it Grows. Infants and children will present with either respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms such as: Occasionally the child is asymptomatic. A rise intrabdominal pressure by coughing or vomiting transmitted to any defect of the diaphragm makes visceral herniation more likely. Diagnosis is confirmed by chest or gastrointestinal contrast imaging.

Management consists of immediate surgery after preop stabilization. Most defects can be closed primarily through an abdominal approach. Chest-tube placement in the non-hypoplastic lung is of help. Surgical results are generally excellent. A few deaths have resulted from cardiovascular and respiratory compromise due to visceral herniation causing mediastinal and pulmonary compression. First described in , Morgagni Hernias MH are rare congenital diaphragmatic defects close to the anterior midline between the costal and sternal origin of the diaphragm.

Almost always asymptomatic, typically present in older children or adults with minimal gastrointestinal symptoms or as incidental finding during routine chest radiography mass or air-fluid levels. Infants may develop respiratory symptoms tachypnea, dyspnea and cyanosis with distress.

Cardiac tamponade due to protrusion into the pericardial cavity has been reported. US and CT-Scan can demonstrate the defect.

Trans-abdominal subcostal approach is preferred with reduction of the defect and suturing of the diaphragm to undersurface of sternum and posterior rectus sheath. Large defects with phrenic nerve displacement may need a thoracic approach. Results after surgery rely on associated conditions. Two types of esophageal hernia recognized are the hiatal and paraesophageal hernia.

Diagnosis is made radiologically always and in a number of patients endoscopically. The hiatal hernia HH refers to herniation of the stomach to the chest through the esophageal hiatus. The lower esophageal sphincter also moves. It can consist of a small transitory epiphrenic loculation minor up to an upside-down intrathoracic stomach major. HH generally develops due to a congenital, traumatic or iatrogenic factor. Most disappear by the age of two years, but all forms of HH can lead to peptic esophagitis from Gastroesophageal reflux.

Repair of HH is determined by the pathology of its associated reflux causing failure to thrive, esophagitis, stricture, respiratory symptoms or the presence of the stomach in the thoracic cavity. In the paraesophageal hernia PH variety the stomach migrates to the chest and the lower esophageal sphincter stays in its normal anatomic position.

PH is a frequent problem after antireflux operations in patients without posterior crural repair. Small PH can be observed. With an increase in size or appearance of symptoms reflux, gastric obstruction, bleeding, infarction or perforation the PH should be repaired.

The incidence of PH has increased with the advent of the laparoscopic fundoplication. A hernia is defined as a protrusion of a portion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening. For groin inguinal or femoral hernias, this protrusion is into a hernial sac.

Whether or not the mere presence of a hernial sac or processus vaginalis constitutes a hernia is debated. Inguinal hernias in children are almost exclusively indirect type. Those rare instances of direct inguinal hernia are caused by previous surgery and floor disruption. An indirect inguinal hernia protrudes through the internal inguinal ring, within the cremaster fascia, extending down the spermatic cord for varying distances.

The direct hernia protrudes through the posterior wall of the inguinal canal, i. The embryology of indirect inguinal hernia is as follows: During the third month of gestation, the processus vaginalis extends down toward the scrotum and follows the chorda gubernaculum that extends from the testicle or the retroperitoneum to the scrotum.

During the seventh month, the testicle descend into the scrotum, where the processus vaginalis forms a covering for the testicle and the serous sac in which it resides. At about the time of birth, the portion of the processus vaginalis between the testicle and the abdominal cavity obliterates, leaving a peritoneal cavity separate from the tunica vaginalis that surrounds the testicle. The typical patient with an inguinal hernia has an intermittent lump or bulge in the groin, scrotum, or labia noted at times of increased intra-abdominal pressure.

A communicating hydrocele is always associated with a hernia. This hydrocele fluctuates in size and is usually larger in ambulatory patients at the end of the day. If a loop of bowel becomes entrapped incarcerated in a hernia, the patient develops pain followed by signs of intestinal obstruction.

If not reduced, compromised blood supply strangulation leads to perforation and peritonitis. Most incarcerated hernias in children can be reduced. Associated to these episodes of incarceration are chances of: Symptomatic hernia can complicate the clinical course of babies at NICU ill with hyaline membrane, sepsis, NEC and other conditions needing ventilatory support. Repair should be undertaken before hospital discharge to avoid complications. Postconceptual age sum of intra- and extrauterine life has been cited as the factor having greatest impact on post-op complications.

These observation makes imperative that preemies with post conceptual age of less than 45 weeks be carefully monitored in-hospital for at least 24 hours after surgical repair of their hernias. Outpatient repair is safer for those prematures above the 60 wk. The very low birth weight infant with symptomatic hernia can benefit from epidural anesthesia.

At times, the indirect inguinal hernia will extend into the scrotum and can be reduced by external, gentle pressure. Occasionally, the hernia will present as a bulge in the soft tissue overlying the internal ring.